Friday, 14 September 2012

The Heart of Wisdom


The Heart of Bhagavati wisdom of the perfection
In Sanskrit: Bhagavati Prajna Paramita Hridaya

Thus have I once heard:

The Bagavan was staying in Rajgriha at Vulture Peak along with a great number of Arhats and great number of Boddhisattvas, and at that time, the Bagavan entered the meditative absorption on the varieties of phenomena called the appearance of the profound. At that time as well, the arya Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva mahasattva, clearly beheld the practice of the profound perfection of wisdom itself and saw that even the five aggregates are empty of intrinsic existence.

Thereupon, through the Buddha's inspiration, the wise bikshu Shariputra spoke to the arya Avalokiteshvara, the boddhisattva mahasattva, and said, "'How should any son or daughter of boddhisattva lineage who wishes to engage in the practice of the profound perfection of wisdom train?''

When this has been said, arya avalokitesvara, the boddhisattva mahasattva spoke to the wise bikshu Shariputra and said, "Shariputra, any son or daughter of boddhisattva lineage who wishes to angage in the practice of the profound perfection of wisdom should clearly see this way: they should see prefectly that even the five aggregates are empty of instrinsic existence.

Form is empty, emptiness is form; emptiness is not other than form, form too is not other than emptiness. Likewise, feelings, perceptions, mental formations, and consciousness are all empty.

Therefore, Shariputra, all phenomena are emptiness; they are without defining characteristics; they are not born, they do not cease; they are not defiled, they are not undefiled; they are not deficient, and they are not complete.

''Therefore, Shariputra, in emptiness there is no form, no feeling, no perceptions, no mental formations, and no consciousness. There is no eye, no ear, no nose, no tongue, no body, and no mind. There is no form, no sound, no smell, no taste, no texture, and no mental objects. there is no eye element and so on up to no mind-element including up to no element of mental conciousness. There is no ignorance, there is no extinction of ignorance, and so on up to no aging and death and no extinction of aging and death. Likewise, there is no suffering, origin, cessation, or path; there is no wisdom, no attainment, and even no non-attainment.

''Therefore, Shariputra, since boddhisattvas have no attainments, they rely on this perfection of wisdom and abide in it. Having no obscuration in their minds, they have no fear, and by going utterly beyond error, they will reach the end of nirvana. All the buddhas too who abide in the three times attained the full awakening of unexcelled, perfect enlightenment by relying on this profound perfection of wisdom.

''Therefore, one should know that the mantra of the perfection of wisdom - the mantra of great knowledge, the unexcelled mantra, the mantra equal to the unequalled, the mantra that quells all suffering - is true because it is not deceptive. The mantra of the perfection of wisdom is proclaimed:

tadyatha gate' gate' paragate' parasamgate' bodhi svoha!

Shariputra, the boddhisattvas mahasattva should train in the profound perfection of wisdom in this way."

Thereupon, the Bhagavan arose from that meditative absorption and commended the arya Avalokitesvara, boddhisattva mahasattva, saying this is excellent.
''Excellent! Excellent! son of boddhisattva lineage, it is so; it should be just so. One must practice the profound perfection of wisdom just as you have revealed. For then even the tathagatas will rejoice''.

As the Bhagavan uttered these words, the wise bikshu Shariputra, the boddhisattva mahasattva arya Avalokitesvara, along with the entire assembly, including the worlds of gods, humans, asuras, and gandharavas, all rejoiced and hailed what the Bhagavan had said.




Notes:

Bagavan:
(Skt., Tib. chom dhen de ) generally a title for an enlightened being, literal meaning is who has completely illuminated the obstacles and posses all qualities. Synonymous to tatagatha in sanskrit and in tib. de war sheg pa; who has reached to the state of full calmness or full enlightenment. But, here it refers to teacher Sakyamuni.

Rajgriha:
(Skt., Tib. gyal poe khab) a place where reside the king's palace.

Vulture Peak:
A mountain in the shape of Vulture, the place believe to be where the sutra has taught. Vultures' Peak is popularly identified with a hilly site in Rajghir in modern India's Bihar State.

Arhat:
(Skt., Tib. dra chom pa) Who achieved nirvana - either sarvaka or prateka buddhas. In original tibetan text it said as bikshu but it mean arhat.

Boddhisattva;
(Skt., Tib. jang chub sem pa) Being who posses Boddhicitta

meditative absorption:
(Skt. samadhi, Tib. ting nge zin)

varieties of phenomena:
(Tib., choe kyi nam drang) Enumeration of phenomena; five aggregates, 12 sources of senses, 18 elements, 12 dependent origination, 4 noble truths, 4 fearlessness and 10 powers of Buddha etc. .

appearance of the profound:
(Tib. zab mo nhang wa) seeing the profound reality ultimate truths of phenomena

arya:
(Skt., Tib. Phag pei Gang zag) superrior beings or who has gained the wisdom of direct realization of emptiness or who has achieved the path of seeing in any vehicle.

Avalokiteshvara:
(Skt., Tib. chen re zig) Generally known as Buddha of compassion.

bodhisattva mahasattva:
(Skt., Tib. jang chub sem pa sem pa chen po) superior Boddhisattva or boddhisattva those have gained boddhisattva or mahayana path of seeing

bodhisattva mahasattva arya Avalokiteshvara:
(Skt., Tib. jang chub sem pa sema pa chen po phags pa chen re zig) refers to a single individual known as boddhisattva mahasattva arya Avalokiteshara, which should be different from the buddha of compassion. Becasue here it identify as a boddhisattva in form of bikshu, boddhisttva, mahasattva and arya being.

the practice of the profound perfection of wisdom:
(Tib. she rab kyi pha rol du chin pai zab moi chod pa)

five aggregates:
(Tib. phung po ngha, Skt. skandha) Forms, Feelings, perceptions, mental formations, and consciousness.

empty of intrinsic existence:
(Tib. ran shin gyi tong pa)

wise bikshu
(Tib. thse dang dhen pa) a title for a fresh minded an intelligent bikshu

Shariputra:
son of Sharit and known as an exceptional sharp minded bikshu among the disciples of sakyamuni buddha

son or daughter of boddhisattva lineage:
(Tib. rigs kyi bu vam rigs kyi bumo)

Three doors of liberation:
(Tib. nam thar go sum) door of emptiness, door of signlessness and door of wishlessness

twelve sources of sences:
Six sources of the sense and Six faculties.

eighteen elements:
Six sources of the sense, six faculties and six consciousness

twelve links of dependent origination:
Ignorance, Volitional Action, Consciousness, Name and Form, Sense Sources, Contact, Feelings, Attachment, Grasping, Becoming, Birth, Aging and Death.

Four noble truths:
Truth of suffering, Truth of the causes of suffering, Truth of the cessation and Truth of the path.

Five paths:
Accumulation, Preparation, Seeing, Meditation and No more learning.

nirvana:
(Skt., Tib. Nyang De) Being gone beyond the sufferings.

mantra:
(Skt., Tib. yid kyob) To protect the Mind.

tathagata:
(Skt., see to baghavan)


Translation and notes added by Ven. Geshe Gedun Tharchin